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5th-6th Grade

Fifth/Sixth Grade Curriculum



Student reading comprehension is monitored and developed through various texts, and their knowledge about reading as a skill is broadened. Students learn to build their vocabulary, identify literary genres, exercise good reading habits, recognize point of view, diagram plot, employ characterization, and understand literary terms. Students practice recording connections, predictions, inferences, syntheses, and visualization while reading. Sustained reading periods in class and access to the school library are provided, and motivation for independent reading at home is also encouraged.


Students learn the basics of expository writing through writing a small research paper. They learn the steps of the writing process: choosing a topic, gathering a variety of sources, outlining their paper with topic sentences and guiding questions for research, taking notes to be used as supporting details, drafting from their notes, citing their sources, peer-editing, and revising their own papers. Revision focuses on correct use of content, cohesion, flow, and mechanics throughout the paper.

Students also keep a Spiritual Journal for writing of a more personal nature, which also challenges the use of their critical thinking skills, while integrating their Scriptural and spiritual learning. After chapel sessions, students receive  questions concerning the spiritual themes taught, discuss their thoughts in class, and record their answers in the journal.

Language Arts

Students are instructed extensively in the mechanics of writing through learning and exercising various grammatical skills. This includes numerous elements of sentence construction, punctuation, and capitalization. Students also memorize grade-level spelling and vocabulary words. Sixth grade students additionally learn the building blocks of word structure through becoming familiar with Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes.


Fifth graders practice working with long division, whole number and decimal operations, addition and subtraction of fractions, measurement conversions, volume computation, coordinate graphing, and classification of two-dimensional figures.

Sixth graders practice connecting ratio and rate to whole number operations, division of fractions,  working with multi-digit and negative numbers, finding common factors and multiples, using expressions and equations, finding surface area and volume, and understanding the concept of statistics.



Students learn about plants, including topics such as plant and flower parts, processes, and families. There is a closer look at trees, and unusual plants like ferns, mosses, algae, and fungi.


This emphasis familiarizes students with concepts like the classification system for plants and animals, food chains, and stewardship of the environment. As for animals, students learn extensively about invertebrates, such as insects, spiders, crustaceans, worms, mollusks, sea creatures, and protozoans. Vertebrates that are studied include birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals. There is a focus on the ocean as well, which details the coral reef, water, and tides.


This area of study includes Earth's structure, magnetic field, soil, rocks, minerals, gems, metals, fuels, fossils, caves, earthquakes, and volcanoes.

Astronomy & Meteorology

This focus covers galaxies, constellations, stars, the solar system, the sun, the moon, the origin of the universe, and principles of light. Instruments of astronomy, space flight, stations, shuttles, satellites, and probes are also topics of interest. There is also an overview of the atmosphere and weather, including temperature, wind, water vapor, clouds, and storms.

Matter, Chemistry, Energy, Forces, and Motion

There is a brief overview of atoms, elements, molecules, and compounds. Also covered are electricity, magnetism, various forms of power, and the stages of water.


Students study human growth and development, the circulatory system, the digestive system, the immune system, and the nervous system. They also learn how to implement the rules of safety and first aid, maintain an active lifestyle and a healthy diet, prevent the spread of disease and infection, use drugs properly as medication, and safeguard against drug abuse.


New World

Students learn about the Great Migration, the Colonial Era, the American Revolution, expansion and evangelism in early America, the Civil War and Reconstruction Era, the Western Frontier, immigration, the Industrial Era, the Age of Invention, World War I and II, and contemporary world problems. There is also a focus on the history and culture of the Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands, the Plains, and the West. Also detailed are the characteristics and inhabitants of the Arctic, tundra, and northern woodlands.

Old World

Students learn about the beginnings of human history, the Fertile Crescent, the ancient and modern Middle East, Central and Southern Asia, the Far East, ancient and modern Africa, ancient Greece, Rome, the spread of Christianity, the Protestant Reformation, England and the British Isles, and Western and Eastern Europe.


Students practice identifying and labeling topographical and political features on world, hemisphere, U.S., and landform maps. This includes hemispheres, continents, countries, states, oceans, seas, rivers, mountains, deserts, peninsulas, islands, and other bodies of water and landforms. Students also learn lines of latitude and longitude, and their connections to changes in climate and time.

*Visit the "Beyond Core" tab for additional details.